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Ancient Egyptian irrigation system
Ancient Egyptian irrigation system

Farming: The ancient Egyptians depended on the Nile for farming. Farmers made ponds to channel the waters to their crops. Sluices divided the fields and controlled the amount of water the crops received. The farmers cleared weeds and mud from the ditches and ponds every year before the floods. This was part of the workers corvée, which was work the pharaoh required. The seeds were planted after the flood waters retreated. The most important crop was grain including barley and a type of wheat called emmer. They also grew many types of fruits and vegetables including dates, grapes, figs, lettuce, onions, cucumbers, and several types of beans.

Fishing: Fisherman used many types of nets to catch fish in the river and delta. Some types included seine nets and clap nets, which are still used today. In addition to nets, they used fishhooks made of copper and bronze.
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