The Nile was important to the ancient Egyptians because it brought fertile soil to the area, was a water source, provided protection from enemies, and was used as a highway, connecting cities and people hundreds of miles apart. The area around the Nile was a desert and very dry, so the Nile created a way for the Egyptians to farm crops and provide food for their people. The Nile provided the main source of water for drinking and watering crops. It provided protection to the Egyptians because of the six Cataracts, the Mediterranean Sea and the marshy delta, which made it difficult for the enemies to travel through and conquer Egypt. The Nile made it easy to move from city to city and became a trading route.