Boats were a important means of transportation of goods and people for the ancient Egyptians. The first boats started as small skiffs made from papyrus stalks leashed together with rope. The navigators steered the boats with paddles or long poles. These boats were used for hunting and fishing in marshes.

When traveling upstream (heading south), sails were used because the wind usually came from the north. Oars were necessary when traveling downstream (heading north). Traveling at night was dangerous due to shifting sandbanks. In order to not get stuck on a sandbank, the boats were designed without a keel and with a shallow hull. A light boat was necessary because it had to be hauled around the cataracts. Stone was carried when the Nile flooded.
funeral boat
funeral boat
ship
ship
papyrus boat
papyrus boat